The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious – Bilb-weil.de

Bollingen Series XXEssays which state the fundamentals of Jung s psychological system On the Psychology of the Unconscious The Relations Between the Ego the Unconscious, with their original versions in an appendix


10 thoughts on “The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious

  1. Erik Graff Erik Graff says:

    Except his book on flying saucers, read in childhood, this was the first book I ever read by C.G Jung The experience led to a programme of study which occupied the next eight years, leading me to change college majors history to religious studies and to proceed to seminary upon graduation.The occasion of the reading happened accidentally Ed, an older friend from high school, had visited Grinnell from the University of Illinois, using my library card to check out books to study while in town Except his book on flying saucers, read in childhood, this was the first book I ever read by C.G Jung The experience led to a programme of study which occupied the next eight years, leading me to change college majors history to religious studies and to proceed to seminary upon graduation.The occasion of the reading happened accidentally Ed, an older friend from high school, had visited Grinnell from the University of Illinois, using my library card to check out books to study while in town The Jung volume struck my fancy I d heard of him, of course, heard of him of an associate of Freud, someone important, someone one ought know about Besides, the book looked impressive thick, lots of notes, an understated black cover I asked to borrow it and began to read.My immediate impression was that the author was extremely erudite, his text making reference not only to psychology, but to cultural anthropology, comparative religions, philosophy, theology, ancient history, the classics etc I knew, generally, where it was pointing, but not very clearly what it was pointing at Gnosticism, hermeticism, alchemy all of which he took seriously were littlethan words referring to archaic and discredited belief systems to me Besides, he seemed to be comfortable with Latin which I d taken, not very successfully, in high school and with Greek which was still Greek to me Reading Jung made me painfully aware of how vast my ignorance was Rather than being depressing, though, I took it as a challenge.Additionally, some of what Jung wrote about seemed to indicate that he and the persons and traditions he was concerned about knew something about those altered states of consciousness that I was exploring on almost a weekly basis and that they took it seriously, very seriously In other words, some of the archaic belief systems which I had previously dismissed were here being represented as stemming from experiences similar to ones very familiar and, sometimes, disturbing to me.I finished this alluring and mystifying book, then, when next home in Illinois, began the long, expensive process of buying and reading every volume of The Collected Works as well as very many books about Jung, about his analytical psychology and about the various, often obscure, topics he addressed


  2. Lindu Pindu Lindu Pindu says:

    Jung is a mystic who sounds like a scientist This is why his books aren t so dry that they leave you wishing they would just end Rather, your hope you must cling to is that you have the power to process the bulk, and then maybe get to all those notes and references to another thousand books and manuscripts in one lifetime.A difficult book, discussing many symbols that might give clues to all of us about where we re coming from I m just wondering if the twitteresque society of today still birt Jung is a mystic who sounds like a scientist This is why his books aren t so dry that they leave you wishing they would just end Rather, your hope you must cling to is that you have the power to process the bulk, and then maybe get to all those notes and references to another thousand books and manuscripts in one lifetime.A difficult book, discussing many symbols that might give clues to all of us about where we re coming from I m just wondering if the twitteresque society of today still births children who can draw complex mandalas at age 11, as one example in this book.Anyway, the practical application of The Archetypes is that it made me start journaling again you know, using visual art rather than long paragraphs to express a state of mind or something you might be going through I haven t yet felt the need to draw a mandala, or maybe I m just censoring myself, as they re so incredibly detailed and revealing But yeah, drawing feels like a massage for the brain I highly recommend it either the book, or doodling with abandon


  3. Scriptor Ignotus Scriptor Ignotus says:

    For those sufficiently intrigued by Jung s ideas to go deeper, this is an excellent place to start It is the most thorough extant exposition on the collective unconscious and the archetypes that arise therefrom Whereas Freud and some of his predecessors believed in a personal unconscious that consisted primarily of the repressed thoughts and feelings of the individual, Jung carried the concept further, arguing that the personal unconscious is merely a thin film overlaying a much deeper reservo For those sufficiently intrigued by Jung s ideas to go deeper, this is an excellent place to start It is the most thorough extant exposition on the collective unconscious and the archetypes that arise therefrom Whereas Freud and some of his predecessors believed in a personal unconscious that consisted primarily of the repressed thoughts and feelings of the individual, Jung carried the concept further, arguing that the personal unconscious is merely a thin film overlaying a much deeper reservoir of unconscious images that being the collective unconscious Unlike the personal unconscious, the collective unconscious consists of the stored psychic impulses that the human race as a whole has developed over the course of its long evolutionary history The archetypes of the collective unconscious are inlaid in the psyche of every human being, and the psychological development of every human individual is consequently shaped by their influence.Needless to say, the implications of this idea, when adequately borne out, are enormous It firstly dispenses with the enlightenment era notion of the human mind as a tabula rasa with a form and content that is completely malleable It suggests that our minds and consequently our lives are not entirely ours to shape, but have been to a large extent shaped for us by many generations of human experience, to which our own experience must be reconciled in order for it to be understood All of our individual thoughts, feelings, insights, and enterprises are to be measured against the unconscious voice of all humanity We must measure ourselves against our ancestors, rather than the other way around, as enlightened men like Voltaire would have had it It even serves as a basis for the legitimacy of revealed truth, as opposed to empirically discovered truth although this is a seedy issue, since Jung insists that the existence of a collective unconscious is empirically proveable and that his work is every bit as scientific as that of anyone working in the natural sciences The archetypal images that bubble up from the collective unconscious to present themselves to us must be said to come from outside of ourselves, to a certain extent The images of the unconscious are like gods or spirits to us they tell us things we did not consciously think of ourselves and offer to guide our way on life s path It is psychologically dangerous to either shun these spiritual voices or conversely to identify excessively with them over one s own ego consciousness Rather, we have to let the voice of humanity present itself to us and dialogue with it, in order to develop as holistic human beings


  4. Alex Kartelias Alex Kartelias says:

    I first learned about Carl Jung in a psychology class in high school and I was amazed After spending 4 years studying philosophy and religion, I finally sat down and began reading his work and I m glad I waited Jung makes a ton of references to many philosophical, religious mythological, alchemical and literary figures that if you were not familiar with them before hand, you won t get much from his work.Having said that, I do think he is a impressive psychologist whose ideas on anima animus, s I first learned about Carl Jung in a psychology class in high school and I was amazed After spending 4 years studying philosophy and religion, I finally sat down and began reading his work and I m glad I waited Jung makes a ton of references to many philosophical, religious mythological, alchemical and literary figures that if you were not familiar with them before hand, you won t get much from his work.Having said that, I do think he is a impressive psychologist whose ideas on anima animus, synchronicity and the collective unconscious are illuminating for many subjects and had an impact on my personal philosophy However, he is limited as a psychologist and not a philosopher as he frequently says he gives way too many technical explanations and too many side tracks Some times the side tracks are rewarding, but other times they can be distracting I expected a muchgrandiose type of writing style with something along the lines of Plato or Hegel since his ideas are extremely deep But since he is an scientific empiricist, he barely gives any abstract explanations amidst a couple.The main thing I notice from his writing is that he seems to struggle between two Persona s the scientist and the mystic Because he makes almost bipolar drastic switches between spiritual and scientific moods, it affects the writing as well as the organization of his work Jung started out very conservative in his early work and even though he started breaking out of it when he published Symbols of Transformation, he still had this tension between the two.I suppose that his struggle is the Zeitgeist of our times The media as well as many intellectuals keep on spreading the delusion that one can t live in both places simultaneously And as long as we remain ignorant of both fields as well of history, the longer this struggle will continue If Carl Jung was living during the Renaissance, his work would have suffered less but today, we live in the dark ages of religious fundamentalism and scientism For those who see a glimpse of how much life will change if religious artistic and scientific thought were brought back into Original marriage to use Aldous Huxley s words his work will be a map to that dream


  5. Barbara K. Barbara K. says:

    This book took me considerable time to get through, in spite of the fact that I d read parts of it before, elsewhere I read it off and on as I had the attention to give it, and since my reading time is usually at the end of the day, I didn t always have the brain power remaining to give it its proper due, so I read easier things instead The final sections, on mandalas, captured my attention and sped me, relatively speaking, through the last hundred pages or so I m sure I ll be processing the This book took me considerable time to get through, in spite of the fact that I d read parts of it before, elsewhere I read it off and on as I had the attention to give it, and since my reading time is usually at the end of the day, I didn t always have the brain power remaining to give it its proper due, so I read easier things instead The final sections, on mandalas, captured my attention and sped me, relatively speaking, through the last hundred pages or so I m sure I ll be processing the contents of this book internally for a long time As usual I penciled some things, and I plan to go back through what I penciled and perhaps add to this review later I want to ensure that I m not dicing and slicing ideas by quoting or paraphrasing out of context So many of the ideas presented require extensive explanation, they don t lend well to pithy little quotes or statements.If what I ve said above makes you think, Oh, I don t want to read that It s too difficult a book, let me add that I will read this book again In fact, just in glancing through portions I penciled around in the introductory pages I realize how much I ll get from a second reading.This book as a whole brings home to the reader the fact that the unconscious isn t just something that might be good to be aware of, but that we ignore it to our detriment


  6. Sammy Sutton Sammy Sutton says:

    What can one say about Carl Jung We are only beginning to really understand the complexity of the man and his theories He is certainly makingsense to me as the years progress This book delves into the Archetypes, and collective conscious science is now proving exists This book defines the Shadow, which lurks among Jungs self and work.


  7. Philip Zyg Philip Zyg says:

    A fundamental book, how else could I name it You find descriptions of the three main, inescapable archetypes underlying Jung s entire philosophy, i.e the Mother, the Child and the Prankster, as seen in their mostly theoretical aspects The Child is, of course, the artist a figure that goes back to the beginning of time and, at the same time, looks ahead at the future of humankind by conjuring up unheard of solutions in times of crisis It goes without saying that artists, writers, painters, w A fundamental book, how else could I name it You find descriptions of the three main, inescapable archetypes underlying Jung s entire philosophy, i.e the Mother, the Child and the Prankster, as seen in their mostly theoretical aspects The Child is, of course, the artist a figure that goes back to the beginning of time and, at the same time, looks ahead at the future of humankind by conjuring up unheard of solutions in times of crisis It goes without saying that artists, writers, painters, web designers etc should treasure this volume as it encompasses nearly all the questions troubling you as a creative force what is art for What s the role of the artist Who should I create for


  8. Tiago Faleiro Tiago Faleiro says:

    This was my first proper read of Jung I ve read Modern Man in Search of a Soul, but it felt like a very superficial introduction This book, on the other hand, is a deep dive into Jung s thought I view myself much in Jung particularly the combination of extreme introversion and openness I think it s this personality, in a large part, that leads to this particular path of the never ending journey into one s consciousness, which evitably leads to the understanding of the psyche in general Ho This was my first proper read of Jung I ve read Modern Man in Search of a Soul, but it felt like a very superficial introduction This book, on the other hand, is a deep dive into Jung s thought I view myself much in Jung particularly the combination of extreme introversion and openness I think it s this personality, in a large part, that leads to this particular path of the never ending journey into one s consciousness, which evitably leads to the understanding of the psyche in general However, besides the character of Jung and the path he led, the most striking thing about him is how unbelievably knowledgable and smart he is He read Latin and Greek and was familiar with a large literature of old esoteric books that for most modern people, have no value whatsoever, due to their poor scientific basis Jung was perhaps not the first but the very likely the best at conceptualizing the meaning behind fields like astrology and alchemy His knowledge of comparative mythology, comparative religion and classic literature was also immense Truly an intellectual giant that is almost non existent nowadays It feels like he was teleported from the Renaissance, continuing the lost tradition of polymathy Jung s thought is very complicated, but it can be summarized relatively easily if painted with a wide brush In essence, he realized that certain patterns appear both through cultures and spontaneously by individuals in large part by his clinical practice Then compared those patterns and hypothesized their meaning They re always symbolic, and for the most part, he categorized them in psychoanalytic fashion a fight between the conscious and the unconscious, with endless variations, ramifications and symbolism The collective unconscious is the a priori structure of the psyche, its deep and hidden layers, resulting from the common experience of all human beings for thousands of years This layer is symbolic, coming from a time where consciousness was entangled with fantasy, long before language, and perhaps long self consciousness As Jung said, man was thinking before he realized he was thinking The archetypes are simply the architecture of the collective unconscious In this book, he focuses on the anima, the mother, the shadow, rebirth, spirit and trickster archetype He also touches heavily on the process of individuation the integration of the unconscious into consciousness, and relates it to the symbolism of mandalas.Reading Jung is in some sense a very bizarre experience There are 3 categories of reading that repeat through his writing Pure awe of his genius and his insight complete confusing not knowing what the hell he s talking about and perplexion at what seems apophenic delusions Luckily, the first is well worth the other two Confusion is likely because Jung was never writing for the general audience, but rather to his professional contemporaries, and many of the topics are complex and interconnected, requiring extending background knowledge Regarding what seems pure delusions and confirmation bias, it might very well be the fact that they re indeed the case, and sometimes he simply got lost in his own theorizing Jung, while incredibly smart and well read, is nevertheless human and prone to mistakes like everyone else However, I try to always remain open minded Many things that I used to put into this category while I started to learn about Jung later turned out to be quite reasonable, which is humbling While some of Jung s claims seem hard to accept, they re not made mindlessly Many are based on decades of experience before he was convinced of them He was always deeply aware that he might make incorrect inferences, make up false patterns, and unconsciously suggest his patients It seems ridiculous, but Jung calls himself an empiricist countless times While obviously he s not conducting scientific experiments, he s using the underlying principles of the scientific inquiry to the best of his ability, considering the subject he s dealing with While there are many claims that seem bizarre, I never discard them right off the bat It s definitely a dense book, it s filled with things that one cannot easily grasp, and others that seem plain silliness However, it equally has ineffable value into the human condition and the deep structure of thought If you ve stumbled upon Jung s concepts and ideas before and they clicked with you, this book will definitely be valuable, and you will be glad to have read it


  9. William Strasse William Strasse says:

    Okay, so if you like Jung, you will like this I m not going into great detail about the book itself because if you want detail, Carl s your man What is funny to me is that I d started into this book a couple times and just knew I didn t have the attention span for it at the time Then I picked it up again about a month or two ago and started devouring it It got a little slow towards the end and I finally gave up on the last 100 pages or so about mandalas, but other than that it is great A co Okay, so if you like Jung, you will like this I m not going into great detail about the book itself because if you want detail, Carl s your man What is funny to me is that I d started into this book a couple times and just knew I didn t have the attention span for it at the time Then I picked it up again about a month or two ago and started devouring it It got a little slow towards the end and I finally gave up on the last 100 pages or so about mandalas, but other than that it is great A co worker saw me reading it and told me I feel that is twisting your mind I responded that my mind has been progressively twisted by many different forces since birth and this book has actually helped me see in what ways it has I m someone who tends to think in images and symbols maybe a littlethan most and our culture especially manipulates images and symbols to achieve desired results namely selling you crap you don t really want or need Jung uses folk tales from different cultures that could not have really had the level of communication one would need to have such similar archetypes implanted consciously into these stories to make his case for a collective unconscious, and I think he does an excellent job


  10. Shawn Shawn says:

    IntroductionI became curious about Carl Jung after reading Scott Peck s references to him in A Road Less Traveled.This particular work of Jung s may be organized into five essential categories, which address 1 the conscious mind, 2 the personal unconscious, 3 the collective unconscious, 4 archetypes and 5 the process of individualization The Consciousness There can be no consciousness when there is no one to say I am conscious After hundreds of years, someone came to realize tha IntroductionI became curious about Carl Jung after reading Scott Peck s references to him in A Road Less Traveled.This particular work of Jung s may be organized into five essential categories, which address 1 the conscious mind, 2 the personal unconscious, 3 the collective unconscious, 4 archetypes and 5 the process of individualization The Consciousness There can be no consciousness when there is no one to say I am conscious After hundreds of years, someone came to realize that this wonderful world of mountains, oceans, suns, moons, galaxies, plants, animals and ourselves actually exists In the moment that we came to know , the world sprang into our perception and, for us, it came into being, arising from the bestial regions Jung relates this coming of consciousness to the Genesis account, wherein God said let there be light and so there followed the separation of consciousness and unconsciousness Later, through Christ, God brought an evenexpanded consciousness into the world Jung points out that things must be perceived in order to be experienced This is very distinct from mere instinctual living Every advance along the path of conscious realization adds to the world, as we know it Jung paints an image of the consciousness as springing forth like an infant from the unconsciousness, which constantly threatens to swallow it up again Like a child, the consciousness cannot grow without separating from its unconscious origins Thus, the consciousness grows out of and away from the unconsciousness, which it comes to see as evil There is then, a polarity between consciousness and unconsciousness Our conscious intentions are continually disturbed and thwarted by unconscious intrusions, contradictory impulses, and inhibitions And conversely, the enlargement of the consciousness continues to occur as new and vital contents find their way into our perception This is the Logos , which continues to extricate itself from the primal darkness and the animality of unconsciousness Jung sees the role of the consciousness as a controller for the unconsciousness and asserts that pathological problems emerge when such control is lost Jung regards the mental supremacy of consciousness as the reason for human success and offers repetitive warnings to those who would seek to explore their subconscious selves to never, on any account, imperil their consciousness Jung suggests that the consciousness was absurdly small in primitive man, but has expanded over time Over history, we see that Reason the Logos, Righteousness has become active in the world, residing in the psyche of mankind Heralded by Jesus, the Logos has arrived into the world and grows within our active consciousness It seeks to overcome and replace the blinder instinctive demands of unconsciousness We must choose to dwell within Reason, amidst that which causes us to flourish, standing apart from primitive animality This is no less than the struggle to transcendence from the animal state, from the state of being God s pet animal to the state of being a volitional proponent for God Things that subvert or weaken the consciousness, such as substance abuse, meditation to blank out the mind, hypnosis, etc., tend to make way for the emergence of resistant demonic entities that Jung labels archetypes The Personal Unconscious Jung suggests that the personal unconscious is made up essentially of contents which have at one time been conscious but which have disappeared from consciousness through having been forgotten or repressed Because such weaknesses are repressed into the unconscious, the consciousness can believe itself to be its own master Conflict tends to result when the consciousness chooses to recognize the unconsciousness This is because the subconsciousness doesn t flatter us with a lovely mask of persona like the ego in our consciousness produces This confrontation is sufficient enough to frighten most people away from venturing too far into the unconscious realm Conversely, for those who are able to look at this part of themselves, there open possibilities for spiritual growth and for transcending into someone that isin accord with reality The Collective Unconscious In contrast to the personal unconsciousness , Jung defines the collective unconsciousness as comprised of things that have never been in consciousness, but which owe their existence exclusively to heredity Jung remarks that The man of the past is alive in us today to a degree undreamt of. For Jung, the collective unconsciousness dates from a time when the consciousness did not think but only perceived and operated by instinct Jung recognizes that we have moved out of this time but we still harbor pre existent thinking We are still ascending out of unreasoned, instinctual living Jung points out that we are obliged to convert physical events into psychic processes as soon as we want to say anything about knowledge This translates physical events into psychic events Thus, communicative and transmittable bits of nonphysical consciousness are being accumulated, which coalesce into what Jung calls the collective unconsciousness We explain by heredity certain talents which can be traced back through entire generations We similarly explain unlearned, yet complicated, instinctive actions in animals In the same way, man possesses a preformed psyche that contains distinct features, which are traceable to family antecedents No man is born totally new, but contains unconsciously a psychic structure developed by his ancestors over time Thus, consciousness grows out of an unconscious psyche which is older than it From within this collective unconscious , there hails certain instinctual manifestations, which Jung refers to as archetypes Jung suggests that these archetypes are unconscious images of the instincts In other words, Jung s archetypes are personifications of patterns of instinctual behavior that lay ready to spring into projection whenever they find an opportunity to subvert the consciousness Because of their primitive, uncivilized origins for lust, power and dominance, most of us would typically refer to these archetypes as demons ArchetypesThe label that Jung gives to the demons from the unconsciousness is very misleading The term archetype refers to a typical example of something and these entities that Jung describes are anything but typical In fact, Jung admits that they can cause a devastating change of personality, generally in the form of megalomania or its opposite Jung says There is no lunacy people under the domination of an archetype will not fall prey to When a situation occurs which corresponds to a given archetype, that archetype becomes activated and a compulsiveness appears, which, like an instinctual drive, gains its way against all reason and will The archetypes are found in every individual and their effect is always stronger where consciousness is weakest and most restricted Carl Jung In fact, Jung informs us that the archetypes can only gain form by projecting themselves upon the consciousness Jung admits this is possession, writing as follows The chief danger is that of succumbing to the fascinating influence of the archetypes If there is already a predisposition to psychosis, it may even happen that the archetypal figures will escape from conscious control altogether and become completely independent, thus producing the phenomena of possession Carl JungAnyone who is honest with themselves must admit that there is a psychic life which is not subject to the caprices of our will Fears, moods, obsessions, plans, and hopes come to us, often with no visible causation Meet Jungs ArchetypesJung has very limited success in describing the various entities that he, as a psychiatrist, has observed deep within peoples unconsciousness Following are brief explanations for some of the archetypes identified by Jung The Shadow Jung names the first archetype that one will meet as they descend into the unconsciousness The Shadow The Shadow consists essentially of the suppressed self The Shadow is that part of us that we ve suppressed or failed to accept for whatever reason When we encounter the shadow, we discover with terror certain unseen factors about ourselves Getting past the Shadow getting to know the suppressed self is a narrow door, beyond which, Jung contends, even scarier entities await The Shadow personifies the inferior character traits that the subject refuses to acknowledge about himself The Wise Old Man Another archetype Jung identifies is The Wise Old Man In referring to his Wise Old Man archetype, Jung remarks as follows If the name Lucifer were not prejudicial, it would be a very suitable one for this particular archetype But I have been content to call it the archetype of the Wise Old ManThis Wise Old Man archetype immediately made me think of the Papa Legba Lwa prominent in Haitian Vodou Haitian Temple I observed near Gallette Chambon depicting Papa Legba, a Wise Old Man archetype.The Anima The Anima emerges in males and bears feminine traits It manifests as a mischievous, shape shifting feminine being with numerous transformations and disguises The Animus The Animus emerges in females and bears masculine traits The Mother Figure The Mother Figure can take the form of a witch or a goddess Because the mother is the precondition of every child, she symbolizes the unconsciousness from which the consciousness must detach itself Thus, the consciousness ultimately begins to enter into opposition to her The Trickster The trickster deploys malicious pranks and exhibits powers as a shape shifter, often appearing as half animal Those possessed by The Trickster are very unpredictable and often play malicious jokes on other people only to ultimately fall victim to vengeance Jung describes the Trickster as possessing a psyche that has hardly left the animal level Jung identifies these archetypes as the causes of neurotic and psychotic disorders In fact, I d venture to say, that if the reader doesn t already suffer psychotic issues, the same could potentially be aroused just by reading Jung, with his outlandish fetish for these mysterious archetypes Certainly, humanity is abysmally unconscious of the demonism that clings to it Such demons have reality only to the extent that they can affect the conscious mind, either by luring the conscious into being their accomplice or by subjugating the consciousness by fear Jung sees the task of psychotherapy as dissolving the projections of the archetypes in order to restore the authority of the consciousness.I m reminded of this warning issued by C.S Lewis in his book The Screwtape Letters There are two equal and opposite errors into which our race can fall about the devils One is to disbelieve in their existence The other is to believe, and to feel an excessive and unhealthy interest in them They themselves are equally pleased by both errors and hail a materialist or a magician with the same delight. Individuation Jung defines Individuation as the process by which the consciousness comes to know and relate to the unconsciousness However, Jung repeatedly warns of the dangers involved in this process, which are manifested in neurosis, psychosis, and schizophrenia, all of which Jung sees as situations whereby the unconsciousness has overthrown the consciousness to some degree But Jung also sees the necessity for descending into the dark depths of the unconsciousness as a prerequisite for growth Jung says that the cautious man who avoids the danger lurking in the unconscious depths throws away the opportunity to change into somethingcomplete But then, in contradiction, Jung writes If one can possibly avoid it, one ought never to identify with an archetype, for, as psychopathology, and certain contemporary events show, the consequences are terrifying. So what does Jung mean by individuation Clearly Jung does not mean that one should emulate the archetypes of the unconsciousness Instead one must subject the unconsciousness to the consciousness of the Logos, which is that will to righteousness that bears against our wanton and unruly animalistic instincts When we do this we choose to favor something much grander, which is attained through the sacrifice of instinctual urges However, the price that we pay for uplifting the Logos is to be set upon by the unconscious animals Jung cites the crucifixion as an example of the sort of punishment awaiting one brave enough to venture like a Prometheus into the orbit of the unconscious masses And yet, the conscious person has come to understand that the Logos is a special gift for mankind, present in us by shear grace, and capable of successfully combating the vilest of creatures that may still linger in the unconsciousness or elsewhere Thus, the whole process of life is about nurturing the consciousness, growing it, and getting it to stand firm against the assailants from the unconsciousness that manifest in the form of urges, instincts, and drives not necessarily to eliminate these urges all together, but clearly to domesticate them under the firm control of the consciousness Yet, even after defeating the archetypes, there remain three constructs of consciousness that work against our journey into individuation ego, myth, and dogma.EgoJung identifies the ego, not as an archetype, but as a segment of the consciousness The ego is sort of like the consciousness trying to form its own entity to contradict the Logos Jung warns of great psychic dangers connected with the domination of the ego consciousness The ego consists of all the things we preserve in consciousness that we admire about ourselves The ego consists of the consciously active persona that we ve developed for ourselves The ego is resisted and defeated in the same way the archetypes are defeated by following the Logos.MythOur conscious minds require explanations for what we do not know or understand The archetypes from our unconsciousness are all too quick to offer us explanations when we are confounded Myths are like primitive scientific hypothesis Essentially, all of our explanations are myths because our conscious perception is so infantile If we discover something strange and unexplainable, we make up a story, a projection, a hypothesis to explain it For example, if a strange object drops from the sky, we must immediately hypothesize about its nature and origin It is the same with any unexplainable event Our minds require that we speculate and we most often do so by telling stories, which can eventually become belief systems Everything that man should be but yet cannot be lives as mythology We are called to be as Christ but we cannot be, just as we cannot fly, bear superhuman strength, slay dragons, or carry the earth upon our shoulders Because we cannot, our consciousness is afflicted by an inexorable quest that is only appeased by myth, by hypothesizing stories about how it was done by a certain hero human It is in much the same way that we hypothesize in science Until we solve the dilemma, the hypothesis stands as adapted myth, as a salve upon the festering quest yet to be resolved, healed, and closed What man says but cannot do is but myth To become real it must become manifest in his actions.The danger for us is getting trapped within the mythology, failing to look beyond it, or snuggling into the comfort it provides as an excuse for not finding the next solution Mythological stories are and should be adjusted as our knowledge grows Just as Galileo should have been praised, instead of excommunicated, for illuminating the truth of a heliocentric solar system, so we must alter our explanations when necessary, as we attainandscientific knowledge DogmaOthers become content with simple moral conduct that is to say, with adherence to the law For such ones, behavior prescribed by rule becomes a substitute for spiritual transformation Rituals become accepted by such people without question or reflection, much as everyone decorates Christmas trees or hides Easter eggs without ever knowing what these customs mean However, dogma can eventually become dubious and no better example exists than extreme fundamentalism Dogma is a necessity for us if we don t know the Logos, for without either, we ll confront the void we ll confront the horror of the blank barrenness of the world and this will send us scurrying back to the old myths Jung writes of this as follows Hence primitives are afraid of uncontrolled emotions because consciousness breaks down under them and gives way to possession All man s strivings have therefore been directed towards the consolidation of consciousness This was the purpose of rite and dogma they were dams and walls to keep back the dangers of the unconscious, the perils of the soul Primitive rites consist accordingly in the exorcizing of spirits, the lifting of spells, the averting of the evil omen, propitiation, purification, and the production by sympathetic magic of helpful occurrences Carl JungWe use dogma to squelch the struggles of our reason against the unknown but this brings us nearer to the bleakness of indoctrination Dogma is a deceptive light that illuminates only what we think we already know and spreads darkness over those things that we still need to learn When we put doctrine in the place of reality, we sacrifice reason Dogma can thus become a retarding ideal Conclusions If the conscious mind is able to free itself from the fascination of evil and become no longer obliged to live compulsively, then the darkness and evil will withdraw due to a loss of energy and remain unconscious Otherwise such evil will feed upon our fears, stress, and worry or manifest in response to our purposeful conjuring.In all his ravings over the archetypes, the question that Jung hasn t addressed is the personification of that which our consciousness really wants to grow into That is, our perception of the most beautiful and worthy form, which is our true God, the only One that is truly a proponent for us to flourish and grow We find this God, this Logos, in our conscious reason, where we seek it, uplift it, and assimilate it It is our salvation